Nitroxynil has a nitro group along with a single iodine group. Nitroxynil is largely water insoluble. Usually, it is given subcutaneously to animals in the form of ethylglucamine salt, which is a water-soluble substance. Milk-producing animals cannot be administered this medication.
- CAS Number: 1689-89-0
- Name: Nitroxinil
- Formula: C7H3IN2O3
- Molecular Weight: 290.02
- Synonyms: 2-Iodo-4-cyano-6-nitrophenol;3-Nitro-4-hydroxy-5-iodobenzonitrile;3-Nitro-5-iodo-4-hydroxybenzonitrile;4-Cyano-2-iodo-6-nitrophenol;4-Hydroxy-3-iodo-5-nitrobenzonitrile;M and B 10755;
- EINECS: 216-884-8
- Density: 2.24 g/cm3
- Boiling Point: 280.1 °C at 760 mmHg
- Flash Point: 123.2 °C
- Appearance: White to yellow powder
- Risk Codes:25-36/37/38-43
- Safety: 26-36/37-45
- Transport Information: UN 2811 6.1/PG 3
How to use:
In water, Nitroxynil is practically insoluble. Animals are usually injected subcutaneously with water-soluble ethylglucamine salts. Animals whose milk is consumed by humans shouldn't receive ethylglucamine injections.
Dosage of usage:
Nitroxinil is a narrow-spectrum anthelmintic primarily effective against blood-sucking roundworms, flukes and certain myiasis. Neither tapeworms nor most external parasites are affected by it. Injections containing it are moderately used in ruminants and usually mixed with other anthelmintics. Pigs, poultry, horses, and pets cannot be treated with it.
There are several symptoms to look for, such as excessive heart rate, hyperventilation, rapid breathing, and fever.